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Tsagaan Sar - Mongolian Lunar New Year

The harsh climate of Mongolia in winter often discourages travelers, who fear to face cold as low as -30 ° C.

However, the period of Tsagaan Sar, the Mongolian New Year, is particularly conducive to a trip to Mongolia, for the rich traditions that accompany this very important family celebration.

 

Symbolism of Tsagaan Sar

Tsagaan Sar is what might be called the Mongolian New Year. It is set according to the lunar calendar, in connection with the Tibetan Losar, usually in January or February.

Tsagaan Sar means "White Month", which begins with the new moon rising.

The night before the day of Tsagaan Sar is called Bituun, the Mongolian name of the new moon (the lunar phase corresponding to when the moon is black).

You can see a symbolism of rebirth, "rebirth" of the new moon evoking the birth of the new year.

Tsagaan Sar traditions and rituals

Many traditions are associated with this symbolism and aim to start the new year auspiciously, the way we started the year is deemed to influence the course of it.

Thus, all Mongols spend the evening of Bituun with their family, eat as much as possible to ensure that the coming year is "rich".

For the same reason, everybody dress in new and the finest possible clothes.

A trip to Mongolia during the week after Tsagaan Sar is always colorful, even the inhabitants of Ulan Bator wearing their finest traditional del.

Ritual offerings are made on the morning of Tsagaan Sar, just outside of the yurt, and close to ovoos.

Throughout the week after Tsagaan Sar, cadets salute their elders respectfully in a hug as they support their arms.

These meetings also give opportunity to the traditional exchange of snuff boxes.

All Mongolian people visit their family and friends to present their wishes, this is a period when everyone is moving much.

Culinary specialties of the period of Tsagaan Sar

Tsagaan Sar is a period of intense conviviality and social life, each family prepares several days in advance hundreds of buuz, traditional ravioli with meat.

They will be offered to friends who presented their vows.

Buuz quality is hotly discussed and compared, and it is a question of honor for the family, no question, therefore, to buy them all made at the supermarket!

The traditional Tsagaan Sar table also shows a kind of "cake". It consists of an odd number of layers of biscuits ("two layers of happiness to frame a layer of evil" according to the beliefs Mongol), covered with sweets.

It is very important to honor it. To take something from the Shiniin Idee, touch the base with your left hand and use the right hand.

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IMPORTANT - Flights in Mongolia


Be aware that very few airlines go to Mongolia, flights are therefore quickly fully booked, especially between June and September. Book at least 6 months in advance to have the best air fares.
If your luggage has been delayed, the airlines do NOT deliver it in Mongolia, they keep it available in Ulan Bator. If your tour has already started, and you are already in the Orkhon Valley for example, it can be very expensive to deliver it.
We can do it for you at extra cost:
- 50 € for a delivery inside Ulan Bator
- 100 € for a delivery in Hustai
- 200 € for a delivery in Khogno Khan
- 300 € for a delivery in Karakorum, the Orkhon Valley or Arkhangai
- 400 € for a delivery at Lake Khövsgöl or in the Gobi Desert
This cost includes the driver & the vehicle for 1 or 2 days depending on the distance + fuel for the vehicule for the round trip + meals and accommodation for the driver if the roundtrip is more than 1 day.
If your flight is late, the same rates apply if you need a private transfer.